2nd Fleet

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2nd Fleet
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1 May 1912–1914
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Navy
TypeFleet
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Vice-Admiral Sir Cecil Burney, Vice-Admiral Sir Frederick T. Hamilton

The 2nd Fleet or Second Fleet was a reserve formation of the Royal Navy that briefly existed before the First World War.

History

Formed on 1 May 1912 from the Third Division of the Home Fleet, its ships were manned by a nucleus crew during peacetime, but were intended to be manned by men from the naval schools when mobilised.[1] It reported directly to the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleets. The fleet was mobilised in late July 1914 as tensions increased between Great Britain and Imperial Germany and remained on active duty until war was declared on 4 August.[2] It reformed the Channel Fleet upon the declaration of war and consisted of the Fifth and Sixth Battle Squadrons, equipped with a total of 15 pre-dreadnought battleships and the majority of the Home Defence Patrol Flotillas.[3]

In Command

Vice-Admiral Commanding, 2nd Fleet

Rank Flag Name Term
Vice-Admiral Commanding, 2nd Fleet [4]
1 Vice-Admiral Vice Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Sir Frederick T. Hamilton May 1912-December 1913
2 Vice-Admiral Vice Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Sir Cecil Burney December 1913-August 1914

Units Attached to Fleet by Date

Included [5]
Unit Notes
1 5th Battle Squadron (8 battleships) [6]
2 6th Battle Squadron (5-7 battleships) [7]
3 5th Cruiser Squadron (3-4 light cruisers) [8]
4 6th Cruiser Squadron 3-4 armoured cruisers) [9]
5 7th Destroyer Flotilla 20 destroyer-12 torpedo boat) [10]

References

  1. Wragg, p. 24
  2. Marder, p. 432
  3. Corbett, p. 12
  4. Admiralty, British (October 1913). "Flag Officers in Commission". The Navy List. H.M.S.O. p. 87.
  5. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony. "Second Fleet (Royal Navy) - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell, 25 May 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  6. Harley and Lovell. 2014
  7. Harley and Lovell. 2014
  8. Harley and Lovell. 2014
  9. Harley and Lovell. 2014
  10. Harley and Lovell. 2014