2nd Destroyer Flotilla

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2nd Destroyer Flotilla
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1909–1942, 1944-1945
CountryFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom from 1801.png Royal Navy Royal Navy
TypeFlotilla
Commanders
FirstCommodore Edward F. B. Charlton
LastCaptain Michael S. Townsend

The 2nd Destroyer Flotilla (also styled as Second Destroyer Flotilla) was a formation of the Royal Navy from 1909 to 1942 and again from 1944 to 1945.

History

The 2nd Destroyer Flotilla originated in early 1907 as a part of a Home Fleet Flotilla within the Home Fleet. In February 1909, that Home Fleet Flotilla was split into the 2nd and 4th Destroyer Flotillas. The new flotilla was then assigned to the 2nd Division, Home Fleet from February 1909 to May 1912.[1] From May 1912 to July 1914 the flotilla was part of the Home Fleet's First Fleet.

It was then transferred to the Grand Fleet from August 1914 to April 1916.[1] After its stay with the Grand Fleet the flotilla was assigned to the Plymouth Station from April 1916 to November 1917 and was stationed at Devonport. It was next assigned to the Coast of Ireland Station from November 1917 to November 1918 based at Derry.[2] After World War One the flotilla was assigned to the Atlantic Fleet from December 1918 to November 1924.

In December 1924 it was sent to join the Mediterranean Fleet where it stayed until June 1932. It was recalled back to home waters as part of the Home Fleet between from June 1932 to August 1936. It was sent back to join the Mediterranean Fleet from August 1936 until September 1939.[3] The flotilla was gradually dispersed to the South Atlantic Station and America and West Indies Station, and in January 1940 it was reformed once more as part of the Home Fleet until May 1940.

On 1 June 1940 it was sent to join the Mediterranean Fleet until 1 August 1942. It was next transferred to the Eastern Fleet where it remained until June 1943 when it was disbanded.[4] The flotilla was re-established in December 1944 and assigned to the Home Fleet until June 1945.

In Command

Captain (D) 2nd Destroyer Flotilla

The commanding officer of the 2nd Destroyer Flotilla held the title of Captain (Destroyers), or 'Captain (D)'.[5][6]

Captain (D) 2nd Destroyer Flotilla
1 Captain Edwyn S. Alexander-Sinclair 5 January, 1909 – 7 February, 1911 (later Adm.)
2 Captain The Hon. Hubert G. Brand 7 February, 1911 - 10 August 1912 (later Adm.)
3 Captain Reginald Y. Tyrwhitt 10 August, 1912 – 1 December, 1913 (later Adm.of the Fleet)
4 Captain James U. Farie 1 December, 1913 – 11 March, 1914
4 Captain John B. Sparks 12 October, 1915 – 1 March, 1919
4 Captain Colin K. MacLean 1 March, 1919 – 29 April, 1920 (later V. Adm)
5 Captain Humphrey T. Walwyn 29 April, 1920 – 9 May, 1922
6 Captain Roger L'E. M. Rede 9 May, 1922 – 1 November, 1923
7 Captain Eric G. Robinson 1 November, 1923 – 30 May, 1925
8 Captain George H. D'O. Lyon 30 May, 1925 – 7 May, 1927 (later Adm.)
9 Captain Montague G. B. Legge 2 May, 1927 – 19 December, 1928
10 Captain William J. Whitworth 19 December, 1928 – February, 1931 (later Adm.)
11 Captain Alfred H. Taylor 5 July, 1931 – 12 May, 1932
12 Captain Edye K. Boddam-Whetham 26 May, 1932 – August, 1934
13 Captain Cedric S. Holland August, 1934 – 12 January, 1937
14 Captain Denis W. Boyd 7 October, 1936 – 25 February, 1938
15 Captain Ralph Kerr 25 February, 1938 - 28 July, 1939
16 Captain Bernard A. W. Warburton-Lee 28 July, 1939 – 10 April, 1940
17 Captain Hugh St.L. Nicolson 10 April, 1940 – December, 1942
18 Captain John H. Allison December, 1944 – June, 1945
flotilla disbanded.

Operational Deployments

Assigned to Dates Notes
Home Fleet March 1907 to February 1909 as a Home Fleet Destroyer Flotilla
Home Fleet, 2nd Division February 1909 to May 1912
Home Fleets, First Fleet May 1912 to July 1914
Grand Fleet August 1914 to April 1916
Plymouth Command April 1916 to November 1917 stationed at Devonport
Coast of Ireland Station November 1917 to November 1918 stationed at Londonderry
Atlantic Fleet December 1918 to November 1924
Mediterranean Fleet November 1924 to June 1932
Home Fleet June 1932 to August 1936
Mediterranean Fleet August 1936 to December 1939 flotilla disbanded ships to North America and West Indies Station and South Atlantic Station
Home Fleet January 1940 to May 1940 reformed
Mediterranean Fleet 1 June 1940 to 1 August 1942
Eastern Fleet August 1942 to June 1943
Home Fleet July 1944 to 1945

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployments 1900-1914". www.naval-history.net. G. Smith, 8 August 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  2. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, Inter-War Years 1914-1918". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 8 August 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  3. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, Inter-War Years 1919-1939". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 2 September 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  4. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945". www.naval-history.net. n Smith, 19 September 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  5. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony. "Second Destroyer Flotilla (Royal Navy) - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell, 17 June 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  6. Mackie, Colin. (January 2020).Royal Navy Senior Appointments from 1865. Flotillas & Squadrons. pp.194-253..