1st Cruiser Squadron

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1st Cruiser Squadron
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1904
Disbanded1952
CountryFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeSquadron
Commanders
In CommandRear/Vice/Admiral Commanding, 1st Cruiser Squadron

The 1st Cruiser Squadron or First Cruiser Squadron was a formation of Cruisers of the Royal Navy, it was formed and disbanded two times from 1904 to 1919 and 1924 to 1952. It was commanded by the Rear-Admiral or Vice-Admiral Commanding, 1st Cruiser Squadron.

History

Rear-Admiral Edmund S. Poë assumed command of the Cruiser Squadron on 2 November, 1904, and continued in command as it took on its new name. He was succeeded in command of 1 C.S. by Rear-Admiral George Neville on 15 July, 1905. Rear-Admiral Sir Percy M. Scott succeeded Neville in command of the First Cruiser Squadron on 15 July, 1907. Sir Rear-Admiral Charles H. Adair succeeded Scott as Rear-Admiral Commanding in September, 1908. Adair was succeeded by Rear-Admiral the Honourable Stanley C. J. Colville on 24 February, 1909, who was relieved by Rear-Admiral Lewis Bayly on 24 February, 1911.

The squadron was renamed the 1st Battlecruiser Squadron in early January 1913, and an assortment of armoured cruisers in the Mediterranean Fleet took up the name of 1 C.S. under the command of Rear-Admiral Ernest C. T. Troubridge from 6 January, 1913 to September, 1914.[1]

On 29 November, 1914, Rear-Admiral Sir A. Gordon H. W. Moore hoisted his flag in Leviathan. Rear-Admiral Sir Robert K. Arbuthnot, Bart. assumed command of the squadron on 17 January, 1915. The squadron was all but destroyed at the Battle of Jutland, when Defence was sunk with all hands at the start of the battle fleet action, Black Prince was sunk with all hands during the night, and Warrior sank on the way home after her surviving crew had been taken off. Sir Robert Arbuthnot was killed in action. The First Cruiser Squadron was officially abolished dated 5 June.[2]

In 1917 H.M. Ships Courageous, Glorious and Furious were detached from the Third Light Cruiser Squadron and named the First Cruiser Squadron. It came under the direct command of Vice-Admiral Trevylyan D. W. Napier in his capacity as Vice-Admiral, Light Cruiser Force.[3] In October 1924 the 1st Light Cruiser Squadron is re-designated 1st Cruiser Squadron this takes effect in November 1924 and reformed as an enlarged unit of the Mediterranean Fleet under the command Rear Admiral Arthur K.Waistell. Louis Mountbatten served as commander of the squadron in the Mediterranean Fleet and, having been granted the substantive rank of vice admiral on 22 June 1949, he became Second-in-Command of the Mediterranean Fleet in April 1950.

In Command

Include:[4]

  1. Rear-Admiral Edmund S. Poë, December, 1904 – 15 July, 1905
  2. Rear-Admiral George Neville, 15 July, 1905 – 15 July, 1907
  3. Rear-Admiral Sir Percy M. Scott, 15 July, 1907 – 19 February, 1909
  4. Rear-Admiral The Hon. Stanley C. J. Colville, 24 February, 1909 – 6 March, 1911
  5. Rear-Admiral Lewis Bayly, 24 February, 1911 – early January, 1913
  6. Rear-Admiral Ernest C. T. Troubridge, 6 January, 1913 – September, 1914
  7. Rear-Admiral Archibald G. H. W. Moore, 12 August, 1914 – 17 January, 1915
  8. Rear-Admiral Sir Robert K. Arbuthnot, Bart., 17 January, 1915 – 31 May, 1916
  9. Rear-Admiral Arthur K. Waistell, 9 October, 1924 – 9 September, 1926
  10. Rear-Admiral The Hon. William H. D. Boyle, October, 1926 – October, 1928
  11. Rear-Admiral Henry W. Parker, 10 September, 1928 – 10 April, 1930
  12. Rear-Admiral Joseph C. W. Henley, 14 March, 1930 – 11 April, 1932
  13. Vice-Admiral George K. Chetwode, 19 March, 1932 – 20 June, 1933
  14. Rear-Admiral John K. im Thurn, 20 June, 1933 – 18 July, 1935
  15. Rear-Admiral Max K. Horton, 18 July, 1935 – 1 November, 1936
  16. Vice-Admiral Charles E. Kennedy-Purvis, 2 October, 1936 – March, 1940
  17. Vice-Admiral John H. D. Cunningham, September, 1938 – January, 1941
  18. Rear-Admiral W. Frederic Wake-Walker, January, 1941 – February, 1942
  19. Rear-Admiral Louis H. K. Hamilton, 24 February, 1942 – 1 September, 1943
  20. Vice-Admiral Sir Arthur F. E. Palliser, 1 September, 1943 – 7 March, 1944
  21. Vice-Admiral Sir Rhoderick R. McGrigor, March, 1944 – July, 1945
  22. Rear-Admiral Harold R. G. Kinahan, 1 August, 1946 – June, 1947
  23. Rear-Admiral Richard V. Symonds-Tayler, June, 1947 - October, 1948
  24. Vice-Admiral Earl Mountbatten of Burma, October, 1948 - May, 1950
  25. Rear-Admiral C.T. Mark Pizey, May, 1950 - July, 1951
  26. Vice-Admiral Ralph A.B. Edwards,July, 1951 – 1952

References

  1. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (19 October 2021). "First Cruiser Squadron (Royal Navy) - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  2. Harley and Lovell
  3. Harley and Lovell
  4. Harley and Lovell