10th Cruiser Squadron

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10th Cruiser Squadron
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1913
Disbanded1946
CountryFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeSquadron
Commanders
In CommandRear/Vice/Admiral Commanding, 10th Cruiser Squadron
FirstRear-Admiral Edmund R. Pears
LastRear-Admiral Angus Cunningham-Grahame

The 10th Cruiser Squadron or Tenth Cruiser Squadron also known as Cruiser Force B from (1914-1917) was a formation of Cruisers of the Royal Navy, it was formed and disbanded two times from 1913 to 1917 and then again from 1940 to 1946.

It was commanded by the Rear-Admiral or Vice-Admiral Commanding, 10th Cruiser Squadron.

History

The squadron was established in July 1913 and allocated to the Third Fleet.[1] In July 1914 it was reassigned to the new Grand Fleet, the squadron was also made Cruiser Force B in August 1914 but was more famously known as the Northern Patrol. It remained with the Grand Fleet until December 1917.[2]

On 22 March 1937 the Admiralty announced the temporary formation of the squadron for the coronation fleet review by King George VI on 20 April 1937. The squadron was commanded by Rear-Admiral Arthur Dowding.[3]

The squadron reformed in September 1940 and attached to the Home Fleet for the duration of the Second World War until September 1945.[4] On 22 December 1943 the squadron was involved in the Battle of the North Cape where it was called Force 2.[5] On 27 December 1943, it was engaged at the Battle of the Barents Sea as Force R. In October 1946 the squadron was renamed the 2nd Cruiser Squadron and assigned to the Mediterranean Fleet.[6]

In Command

  1. Rear-Admiral Edmund R. Pears, 15 July, 1913 – 29 June, 1914 (Commodore, Second Class)
  2. Rear-Admiral Charles L. Napier, 13 July, 1914 – 26 July, 1914 (initially as Rear-Admiral Commanding Tenth Cruiser Squadron)
  3. Rear-Admiral Sir Dudley R. S. de Chair, 1 August, 1914 – 6 March, 1916 (as Rear-Admiral Commanding, Cruiser Force B)
  4. Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald G. O. Tupper, 6 March, 1916 – 8 December, 1917
  5. Rear-Admiral Gerald C. Dickens, 1 July, 1935 – c. August, 1935 (temporary, for the Jubilee Naval Review)
  6. Rear-Admiral Arthur Dowding, 22 March - 20 April, 1937 (temporary for HM Naval Review).
  7. Rear-Admiral Robert L. Burnett, 12 January, 1943 – 1 March, 1944
  8. Vice-Admiral Frederick H. G. Dalrymple-Hamilton, 3 March, 1944 – 8 April, 1945
  9. Rear-Admiral Angus Cunningham-Grahame, 8 April 1945 – October 1946

Second in Command

  1. Commodore, Second Class Robert E. R. Benson, 11 November, 1914 – 17 May, 1916, (as Commodore, Second Class from 23 May 1915)
  2. Commodore, Second Class John S. Luard, April, 1916 – 2 April, 1917
  3. Rear-Admiral Morgan Singer, 2 April, 1917 – 14 December, 1917

References

  1. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployments 1900-1914". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 8 August 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  2. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, Inter-War Years 1914-1918: Cruiser Squadrons". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 27 October 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  3. "Navy Notes". Royal United Services Institution. Journal. 82 (526): 415–426. 1937. doi:10.1080/03071843709424925.
  4. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organization in World War 2, 1939-1945". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 19 September 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  5. DiGiulian, Tony. "Orders of Battle - Battle of North Cape - Battles of the Atlantic and Arctic - World War II - NavWeaps". www.navweaps.com. Tony DiGuilan, 6 July 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  6. Mackie. 2018.